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5 Main Alzheimer’s Causes Identified as of 2019

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Top Causes of Alzheimer’s in Seniors as of 2019 in Newcastle, NSW

After decades of research, scientists discovered an accumulation of beta-amyloid and tau proteins in the brain that’s responsible for the development of Alzheimer’s. Normally, physiological activities keep the protein levels in check. However, in some instances, these functions fail. Ongoing research reveals there are many reasons the proteins remain and proliferate.

1. Anti-Anxiety Medications

A group of medications known as benzodiazepines, including alprazolam, clonazepam, and lorazepam, is often prescribed for people with anxiety. When taken for a brief time, the formulas cause few side effects. Over time, though, older adults who regularly take this class of medications may develop symptoms of cognitive impairment. Interference with neuronal function or any damage neurons experience leaves the brain more susceptible to the damage caused by protein buildup. 

If your ageing parent has been diagnosed with Alzheimer’s, help is just a phone call away. There are many reasons seniors might need assistance at home. Some may require regular mental stimulation due to an Alzheimer’s diagnosis, while others might only need part-time assistance with exercise and basic household tasks. Home Care Assistance is a leading Newcastle in-home care provider. Families rely on our expertly trained care workers to help their senior loved ones maintain a high quality of life.

2. Head Trauma

The Australian Institute of Health and Welfare reports that nearly two percent of the country’s population has endured some type of traumatic brain injury. In many cases, the injuries heal without further complication. However, for some, the inflammatory processes that encourage healing become chronic. When microglial cells in the brain are exposed to inflammation, they’re less effective at removing beta-amyloid proteins from the brain. The proteins then accumulate and permanently damage neurons. Statistics indicate that 25 percent of seniors fall each year. The accidents may involve head injuries. Safety measures implemented throughout the home reduce the possibility of fall-related accidents and possible head injuries that could contribute to Alzheimer’s development.

3. Chronic Sleep Deprivation

By studying the effects of sleep deprivation on mice, researchers learned that a lack of sleep contributes to an increased number of tau proteins in the brain. Chronic sleep issues stress the entire body and have the potential to cause a number of health issues that could increase the risk of developing Alzheimer’s. Older adults need seven to nine hours of sleep for the body to make systemic repairs that include removing harmful proteins from the brain. 

Ageing adults who need help managing mental and physical health issues can benefit from the assistance of a highly trained professional care worker. Seniors who want to remain healthy as they age can benefit in a variety of ways when they receive professional elderly home care. Newcastle, NSW, Home Care Assistance is here to help your loved one accomplish daily tasks, prevent illness, and focus on living a healthier and more fulfilling life.

4. Insulin Resistance

Neurons require fuel in the form of glucose to function properly. When a senior develops insulin resistance, the disorder affects many organs in the body, including the brain. If the brain becomes deprived of insulin, glucose cannot enter the cells, and the neurons cannot function normally. Other housekeeping processes are also impaired, enabling toxic proteins to increase in number and lead to Alzheimer’s development.

5. Genetics

Late-onset Alzheimer’s may occur secondary to the presence of apolipoprotein E on the 19th genetic chromosome. The anomaly is known as APOE ε4. Individuals may have zero, one, two, or more of the alleles. An increased number of the genetic codes may increase the risk of developing the cognitive-impairing disorder. However, seniors with the gene may not necessarily develop Alzheimer’s. 

If you’re the primary carer for a senior with Alzheimer’s disease, you don’t have to go through it alone. Without the right assistance, Alzheimer’s can be challenging for seniors and their families to manage. If you’re looking for professional Alzheimer’s care, Newcastle Home Care Assistance provides high-quality care ageing adults and their families can count on. All of our hourly and live-in care workers are trained to help seniors with Alzheimer’s live happier and healthier lives, and we also provide specialised dementia, stroke, and Parkinson’s care. To learn more about our reliable, compassionate in-home Alzheimer’s care services, contact us at (02) 4089 3000 today.

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